Hypertension Vs Hypotension – Both The Conditions Are Opposite To Each Other But Need Equal Attention And Care
Blood pressure related health problems are on the rise owing to the stressful lives we are leading. Under such circumstances do you find it difficult to understand the crisis that high and low blood pressure bring into our lives? Well, then let’s experience a peaceable warfare in the form of Hypertension Vs Hypotension.
We often hear about Hypertension and Hypotension in our daily lives. Furthermore, they’re alternatively used for prolonged high and low blood pressure respectively. Then what’s with the issue of Hypertension vs Hypotension? Well, we just want you to have an idea about both the conditions in detail.
And if you’re someone with such blood pressure health related problems, it’s necessary for you to keep track of your bp. You can do it easily with the help of some blood pressure monitors.
Now, before taking on Hypertension vs Hypotension, let’s take a look at what they exactly are:
What is Hypertension and Hypotension?
Hypertension describes the condition of high blood pressure. To be precise, when your arterial blood pressure increases and stays at an elevated level for a prolonged time period, it can be termed as Hypertension.
On the other hand, Hypotension refers to the condition when your brain, heart and all other body organs receive lesser amount of blood than necessary. It implies a state of low blood pressure.
In the case of Hypertension vs Hypotension, we can clearly see how contrasting both the situations are. They are obviously not ideal situations for a person. Hence, it is essential to gather all necessary information about their causes, symptoms and treatment methods.
Hypertension and Hypotension Symptoms
How do you know if a person is suffering from high blood pressure or low blood pressure? Do they show any symptoms? Well yes, both hypertension and hypotension show signs of their arrival. But it isn’t possible to identify them unless your case is severe.
Both high blood pressure and low blood pressure include certain common symptoms, but the contrast of Hypertension vs hypotension also comes into picture. And how? There are certain unique signs of each condition as well.
But do you know, early detection of hypertension or hypotension can save you from so many odds?! You can monitor your blood pressure regularly. And as a result of which, you can know whether it deviates from the normal blood pressure range.
Now, let’s take Hypertension vs Hypotension into consideration while talking about the symptoms of high blood pressure and low blood pressure symptoms as well.
The symptoms of high blood pressure (Hypertension) vs symptoms of low blood pressure (hypotension) :
1. Headache and Light headedness
Hypertension might lead to a person having severe headache. When your bp level deviates from the normal blood pressure range and consistently stays on the higher side, you’re likely to experience a chronic pain in your head. In such cases, you know your blood pressure has reached a life threatening stage.
The opposition of hypertension vs hypotension can be considered here. As headache is not one of the symptoms of low blood pressure. When your normal blood pressure range stoops too low, you might experience light headedness. You might feel as if your head is weightless.
Both severe headache and light headedness might lead to dizziness and you might faint. These are two of the common symptoms of high and low blood pressure respectively. The distinction, hypertension vs hypotension brings them out neatly.
2. Body Weakness
It is quite understood when a person suffers from high blood pressure or low blood pressure, they will feel weaker. Their body lacks strength and they tend to feel tired almost every time. Hypertension vs hypotension breaks off, here as this is one of the common symptoms of high and low blood pressure.
Body weakness is something that can be treated by getting ample amount of rest. But a prolonged high or low blood pressure might worsen the situation.
3. Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea, a sense of uneasiness, is one of the symptoms of high blood pressure and low blood pressure as well. To be precise, one tends to feel a sense of discomfort in the upper stomach. But does the polarity of hypertension vs hypotension stand here?
Well yes! In hypertension or high blood pressure, nausea tends to make the person vomit. The uneasiness in one’s body due to high blood pressure makes them throw up.
On the other hand, when in low blood pressure, a person usually has the urge to vomit and feels nauseous. It doesn’t always end up in the person throwing up. But hypotension can make a person feel as uneasy as in hypertension.
4. Blurred Vision
When uneasiness, sickness, tiredness and dizziness kick in, it is obvious for the person to experience a blurred vision. Generally, when the normal blood pressure ranges go really up or steep too low, the person tends to lose his eyesight. The blood vessels supplying blood to your eyes get damaged due to high blood pressure and low blood pressure as well.
In this case, we see more of similarities between high and low blood pressure rather than the oppositeness, i.e. hypertension vs hypotension.
5. Nose Bleeding and Shallow Breathing
Nose bleeding is one the hypertensive symptoms of high blood pressure. When your blood pressure is exceedingly high, the presence of too many blood vessels in your nose leads to nose bleeding.
On the other hand, talking about the contradistinction, hypertension vs hypotension, this is not the case in low blood pressure. When a person’s bp is too low, say lesser than 90 mmHg, that is when serious hypotension kicks in. And in such cases, a person experiences shallow breathing.
As a result of low blood pressure, your blood vessels constrict and the supply of oxygen is cut off. As a result of which, people might tend to breathe shallowly.
6. Loss of Concentration
This is one of the common symptoms of both high and low blood pressure. When a person’s blood pressure deviates from the normal blood pressure range, it becomes difficult for the person to concentrate on anything. Their body becomes weaker and they feel fatigued most of the time.
As a result of which, distraction becomes easier. Hypertension vs hypotension doesn’t come into picture in such cases. Rather, this symptom shows the similarity between both the conditions.
7. Haematuria and Tachycardia
Haematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine. Furthermore, it is one of the symptoms of high blood pressure. Exceedingly high blood pressure or hypertension can be damaging to the kidneys. As a result of which, people notice signs of haematuria.
The pairing off of hypertension vs hypotension can be crystal clear in this case. As, such conditions do not exist in the case of low blood pressure.
In the case of severe hypotension, one might notice the symptom of tachycardia, which implies abnormally fast heart rate. This is one of the serious symptoms of low blood pressure.
It is necessary for you to know about the common symptoms of blood pressure extensively. That way, you can get the right treatment at the right time.
Hypertension and Hypotension Causes
Now, the most important questions are what causes hypertension or high blood pressure? How does a person get affected by low blood pressure which is also known as hypotension? Can we pull off the anti-thesis hypertension vs hypotension while studying the causes? Well, definitely.
It is very essential to know the causes of high blood pressure and low blood pressure. Proper knowledge of all the factors can help you get a better picture of your state of health.
Now, let’s take a look at some of the causes of high and low blood pressure keeping the contrariety of hypertension vs hypotension in mind.
The main causes of high blood pressure that lead to hypertension are :
1. Intake of high – sodium diet
Foods that are rich in sodium can give rise to abnormally high blood pressure. Excessive salt intake is not recommended for people with high blood pressure. If we talk about the clash of hypertension vs hypotension, salt intake doesn’t cause low blood pressure. But, eating a sodium rich diet can be problematic if your blood pressure is on the higher side.
2. Genetic Causes
Does anybody in your family have hypertension issues? If yes, then it’s very likely that you will suffer from it too. Genetically transferred, the problem of high blood pressure can run in the family from one generation to another.
The comparison, hypertension vs hypotension becomes stronger here. As genetic causes do not give rise to low blood pressure.
Being obese is not just a simple problem. It can give way to a lot of health problems that includes high blood pressure. Too much fat can lead to rise in your blood pressure levels.
Obesity doesn’t lead to lowering of your bp from normal blood pressure ranges. Hence, that is how we can bring the difference, hypertension vs hypotension into picture.
We can also state some of major the causes of low blood pressure or hypotension :
When your body is devoid of the necessary fluids, there are chances that you might suffer from low blood pressure. That is one of the reasons why we’re asked to drink plenty of water. It can help in maintaining our normal blood pressure. Hypertension vs hypotension can be stated in this matter as dehydration does not give rise to hypertension or high blood pressure.
2. Heart Rate Disorders
Sometimes, some people are susceptible to irregular heart rates. In such cases, it is very likely for that person to suffer from low blood pressure. Abnormally high or low heart rates can result in hypotension. But it doesn’t always give rise to high blood pressure. Hence, we can see the contrasting nature of both i.e. hypertension vs hypotension.
3. Certain medications like anti-depressants
There are certain medications that can lower your blood pressure if you’re consuming them regularly. Pain killers, anti-depressants are some such medicines.
In the case of high blood pressure, these do not serve as a factor. So, we bring out another distinctive feature while discussing hypertension vs hypotension.
While we bring out the oppositeness of both high and low blood pressure, there are certain common factors that give rise to both. In these cases, it is difficult to bring out the comparability of hypertension vs hypotension.
- A person with diabetes is susceptible to both hypertension and hypotension. Diabetes tend to damage the blood vessels. As a result of which, blood flow doesn’t take place naturally. Hence, it gives rise to low blood pressure. On the other hand, high blood sugar also gives way to high blood pressure.
- Too much mental stress can lead to abnormal levels of blood pressure. It can make one suffer from high blood pressure or low blood pressure depending upon the circumstances.
- Old age is one factor that can cause both high and low blood pressure. As a person grows old, the blood vessels become stiffer. This causes hypertension in old people. On the other hand, improper medications in old age and longer hours of standing or resting might give rise to low blood pressure or hypotension. This is where we cannot put up the distinction, hypertension vs hypotension in limelight.
- Too much alcohol or smoking can make your way to the chronic hypertension and hypotension.
But in either ways, you can keep a track of your blood pressure regularly. You just need to invest in blood pressure monitors that are reliable, just like the Omron BP652.
Hypertension Vs Hypotension – Which Is Worse?
To start with, both the conditions are bad. They lead to numerous other health disorders. Hence, one should always take proper care so as to stay away from hypertension and hypotension.
But what’s in question? Hypertension vs hypotension. We need to find out which is the worst of the two. In case of a prolonged high blood pressure, there are chances of damage of your vital organs and blood vessels.
But, high blood pressure or hypertension can be easily spotted. It takes a lot of time for your bp levels to shoot up way higher than the normal blood pressure ranges. Moreover, proper lifestyle changes and medication can help in restoring the normal blood pressure.
On the other hand, it is difficult for a person to know whether he has low blood pressure or not. Normal blood pressure ranges go down all of a sudden and treating it is difficult than hypertension. Too low blood pressure can also prove to be fatal.
Hence, in the distinction if hypertension vs hypotension, I clearly see that low blood pressure is the worse of the two.
However, you can always invest in proper bp monitors that can help you keep track of your blood pressure readings. Furthermore, they can help you decide what treatment would work best. What could be better than an affordable bp machine like Panasonic EW3109W?
Hypertension and Hypotension Treatment
If hypertension and hypotension are distinctive of each other, then treatment methods should be different as well. But how can we treat them? The distinctiveness that comes with Hypertension vs hypotension clearly brings out the differences in treatment methods too.
We can study the different techniques as under :
- The best way to deal with high blood pressure is changes in your lifestyle and diet. Reduce stress, eat a balanced diet, try yoga for blood pressure, let go of habits like smoking and drinking, and maintain a healthy body weight.
- If your bp levels are too high from the normal blood pressure ranges, you can consult your doctor for proper medications.
- Now, we bring in the difference, hypertension vs hypotension into account. Because treatment of low blood pressure isn’t as easy. To improve your blood pressure levels, you need to reduce stress and focus on hydration levels of your body. Increase your salt and water intake. And consult your doctor for medications to increase your heart’s strength.
And no matter what your condition is, always prefer on keeping an efficient blood pressure monitor for your use at home. They can help you keep a regular check on your health. And the most efficient bp monitor is Omron BP786N.
Hypertension Vs Hypotension – Frequently Asked Questions About High And Low Blood Pressure
1. Can you have Hypertension and Hypotension at the same time?
While talking about the contrasting Hypertension vs hypotension, you might think it isn’t possible to have both high blood pressure and low blood pressure at the same time. But it is possible. Such conditions are rare but it can take place.
When your systolic pressure is either high or low and your diastolic just the opposite, that is when you can have hypertension and hypotension at the same time. At such times, a person might experience cardiac arrest.
2. How does systolic pressure differ from diastolic pressure?
The systolic pressure is the blood pressure in your arteries when your heart is pumping blood. On the other hand, the diastolic pressure is the blood pressure between the heartbeats. Both the systolic and diastolic pressure play a important role in maintaining a normal blood pressure.
Plus, the uncommon systolic and diastolic numbers lead to contrasting conditions that we studied above, under Hypertension vs Hypotension.
3. What does it mean to have pre-hypertension?
Pre-hypertension is the condition where a person’s bp is above the normal blood pressure range. In such times, the systolic is between 120-139 mmHg, or the diastolic is between 80 – 89 mmHg.
Pre-hypertension might lead you to have Hypertension or high blood pressure, if not checked.
4. Can stress cause pre-hypertension?
Yes, too much mental stress can give rise to an elevated high blood pressure. Moreover, habits that you inculcate due to stress, like smoking or over-eating can increase your chances of suffering from pre-hypertension.
Furthermore, stress plays an important role in making a person suffer from both high blood pressure and low blood pressure. So, no matter how opposing both might seem, stress is a common factor under Hypertension vs Hypotension.
And in cases of pre-hypertension, it is advisable to keep a reliable and accurate blood pressure monitor. That way, you can keep a record of your blood pressure history. You can invest in an Omron BP742.
5. What food items can make normal blood pressure range go high?
Foods with high amount of sodium, pickles, canned foods, sugar, packaged foods, coffee and alcohol are some items that can increase your bp from a normal blood pressure range. You should avoid eating these items if you have hypertension.
6. What vegetable stops high blood pressure?
Broccoli. Yes! It is enriched with magnesium, potassium and calcium which put a check on your high blood pressure. The comparability of Hypertension vs Hypotension is incomplete without the mention of this wonder food item that can help you lower your blood pressure.
7. Is hypertension curable?
To be precise, hypertension is a disease that can be controlled but you can’t get rid of it. With proper diet, lifestyle changes and medication, you can get back a normal blood pressure range. But the risk of an elevated blood pressure always prevails. This is a significant aspect under the contrariety of hypertension vs hypotension.
8. Can blood sugar affect blood pressure?
Of course! If your diet includes food items that have too much sugar or you’re someone with diabetes, it will definitely affect your blood pressure. It might lead to high blood pressure or hypertension. Many researchers have supported this fact.
9. What foods are good for high blood pressure and diabetes?
Include low fat-protein foods, fruits and vegetables and whole grains in your diet if you have hypertension and diabetes as well. Do take proper medications after consulting a doctor to have a normal blood pressure as well.
The comparison, hypertension vs hypotension will prove to be of great help to you. You can always keep a check on your health now.
10. Is high blood pressure different from hypertension?
Although, they are used interchangeably, there is a slight difference between both. When you have a high blood pressure for a long period of time, only then it can be termed as hypertension. That is when it becomes a chronic disease.
We hope the clash of hypertension vs hypotension has been able to provide you all the required information. Please take care of your health and stay happy.
Hope you like what I write and it helps you in some way or the other. 🙂