If we are well aware of the Symptoms of Brain Cancer like dreadful diseases then we can overcome it and win battle from inside.
A human brain is the most highly active part in our body, and we must take care of it. At times certain demons attack our brain and try to interrupt its functionality, such as Cancer or Tumor.
Let us understand the brain first, then we will understand what is brain tumor!
What is Brain?
A human brain is the most complex part of the human body. It is composed of billions of nerves that communicate through several connections, known as Synapse.
The different parts of brain that work in coordiantion are:
- The Cortex is the outermost layer of the brain cells. Its functions are thinking and the voluntary movements in the body.
- Next is the Brain Stem, which is between the spinal cord and rest of the part of brain. The functions are to control the breathe and sleep activities.
- Basal ganglia are a cluster of structures in the brain. Their role is to coordinate between other areas of the brain.
- Cerebellum lies in the base and back portion of the brain. It is resposnsible for coordination and balancing of the body.
Diseases aim to make the body and its specific parts infected and unhealthy. Similarly, there are certain ailments that cause the deterioration of the health and activity of the brain. At times, they are headache, migraine, brain fever, or the extreme cases may be the Brain Cancer or Brain Tumor.
The symptoms of brain cancer are quite difficult to identify, as it can relate to the other ailments or diseases as well. So, it is necessary to understand what the actual symptoms of brain cancer are. Now let’s discuss about what all Brain tumor is: types, causes, important signs and symptoms of brain cancer.
Brain Cancer – The Devil inside the Brain
Brain Cancer can have variety of signs like, seizures, headaches, sleeplessness, confusion, etc. Not all Brain tumors are Cancerous, benign tumors can result in similar symptoms.
“A Brain cancer or Brain Tumor is the abnormal cells growing inside the brain. These are the cancerous cells in the brain, that start developing into new uncontrollable cells growing in a region and lobe of the brain.”
Hence, destroying the active nerves or suppressing them from functioning, that leads to abnormalities in the brain and it signal processing with the other nerve cells, motor nerves, organs and sensory nerves and connecting organs. We will also discuss next about the brain tumor causes.
The symptoms of brain cancer directs to the information of how serious it can be, the cancerous cells destroy the brain cells, their activity gets effected. But before we discuss more about the signs and symptoms of brain cancer, we need to know about the types of brain tumor or brain cancer.
Glioma – Glioma is the cancer or brain tumor formed of glial cells in the brain or the spinal cord.
Types of Brain Cancer
Brain cancer can be categorized into following stages:
When the brain tumor starts and spreads:
- Primary Brain Tumors: These are the cells grown abruptly in the tissues of the brain, and these cells are not normal. If you have understood well what is brain tumor, then it will become easier for you to understand.
- Secondary Brain tumors: These are the most common form of brain cancer, which start from some other part of the body and reach the brain tissues circulating by blood. Such as, lung cancer, skin cancer, stomach cancer, they can lead to the secondary stage of brain tumor.
- Benign brain tumors: These are the tumors that are centralized to only single part of the brain, and they are easy to remove through surgery or radiation therapy.
The problem arises only when the tumor starts pressing lobe or part, which can cause improper functioning of that part, which shows different symptoms of brain cancer.
- Malignant brain tumors: In this type the cancerous cells spread through different parts of the brain and the spinal cord; and other parts, this term is known as Metasis. Its risk factor varies depending upon which area the cells are covering the most.
The symptoms of brain cancer in a human are almost similar in these tumors. The brain tumor causes and the brain tumor surgery depends on its category.
Grade of Brain Tumors
The grade of the tumors is to specify the abnormality and risk rate of the Brain tumor. According to the symptoms of brain cancer arising in our head. Basically, this grading is to measure the size, abnormality and the rate at which the cancerous cells are dividing, and how quick should the doctors perform the brain tumor surgery.
Grade 1 – The cancer cells look normal, and are growing at normal rate. The risk on survival is a minimum.
Grade 2 – Here the cells look abnormal, but grow normally. It can also happen that the cells spread to other parts of the brain too, causing more risk in future.
Grade 3 – In this grade the cells look abnormal, and grow very actively. These cells may also reach into the other regions of the brain, which is highly risky.
Grade 4 – These cells look highly abnormal and grow abruptly, without any control. They also spread to other parts and are highly life-threatening.
Certain tumors change with time, and the grade keeps on increasing. The tumors may turn into malignant, and spread around in other lobes and spinal cord. The symptoms of brain cancer get worse with the aggravating effect of the brain cancer; the treatment therapies also depend on the stage and the type of the brain cancer it is.
If you go through the symptoms of brain cancer you would be able to understand the worst consequences of delaying the treatment. Further the detailed description of symptoms of brain cancer will help you understand what are the basic signs and when it is getting serious, to rush to the doctor.
We also need to know what the brain tumor causes.
Causes of Brain Cancer
The brain cancer in a person is generally caused due to:
The symptoms of brain cancer can also arise due to exposure of a person to radiation, or some high energy rays.
According to the present researches, mobile phones and especially the wi-fi also causes brain cancer/ tumor.
Symptoms of Brain Cancer
The symptoms of brain cancer may vary from patient to patient. These symptoms of brain cancer may similarly occur in those who don’t have the disease. Therefore, if you have any doubt regarding symptoms of brain cancer; the only sure shot way to know is get a CT SCAN of your head.
Consulting your doctor is a must.
Some easily noticeable common symptoms of brain cancer are below:
Headaches are the most common symptoms of brain cancer and it has no specific point or part to start from. In the case of brain cancer the headache gets worst gradually and if it does happen followed by the sign of nausea or vomiting, rush to your doctor. Headaches in brain cancer can be persistent.
This is among the most common symptoms of brain cancer. As per researches, 33 out of 100 cancer patients complain for the same. A seizure is a sudden change in consciousness, involuntary behaviors, muscle control and sensation.
It can range from a slight muscle twitching to violent shaking and unconsciousness at extreme; if seizures are the symptoms of brain cancer and their intensity and frequency increases with time, no one should delay on it.
Seizures can not only be the symptoms of brain cancer, but it can also happen when a person faces high fever, brain fever, shock or trauma. If it happens to a person who has never faced any seizures in the past, then immediately consult to your doctor, as this can indicate the symptoms of brain cancer.
Nausea and Vomits
Same as headaches, nausea and vomiting may not always be the symptoms of brain cancer, but you may predict for it, if it comes in combination with other symptoms of brain cancer. Usually, nausea and vomiting happen due to food poisoning, or pregnancy, severe indigestion, or under high stress of something. But, still it should not be ignored.
Vision problems closely relate with the symptoms of brain cancer. As the cancerous tissues or tumors, due to increasing size start putting pressure on certain lobes or regions of the brain thus making them slow or not functional.
Generally, at the time of arising symptoms of brain cancer, the doctor checks the eyes of the suspected patient first, in order to confirm if it is a sign of Intracranial Pressure or not. If it is there, then this makes the diagnosis of brain cancer confirm.
Problems like Weakness and Slow responding body
Some surveys specify that the weakness in working, especially with legs and arms is one of the most important symptoms of brain cancer patients. Often they are found complaining over the numbness in their palm, or knees or calf. There is also low or no activity in the other sensory organs of the brain cancer patient.
This happens due to the invading of tumor in their specific functional part of the brain or spinal cord that connects to the sensory activities in the human body.
Make a note, it should never be ignored, go to the diagnosis as soon as you can.
Behavior and Cognitive Changes
Whenever you notice a change in your behavior, i.e., becoming violent, or losing memory, inability in finding out the right words, or a blank mind; you need a check friends. Also these are the symptoms of brain cancer, like low tolerance, losing patience, throwing out things in anger or depression.
Here you need to consult your doctor, certainly you may think it is more relevant to psychology of a human being, but certainly psychology also starts with the study about human brain, thus somewhere somehow it is affecting our cognitive traits too.
Speech and Hearing problem
In the main symptoms of brain cancer, speech problem arises with time, it is not initially visible, and only it is visible if the tumor suppresses any of the parts of speech functioning. There can be numbness in tongue, even the signs can be that the person won’t be able to speak certain selected letters or complete words.
There can be no control on the bladder and urination may take place anytime and anywhere, without the consciousness of the cancer patient.
So, folks if you think you are facing certain changes or mishaps, take the help of your doctor. Explain him you are afraid that you or any of your dear ones is facing such symptoms of the brain cancer. The doctors are always there to fix your issue.
How to treat Brain Tumor or cancer?
As we have discussed about the symptoms of brain cancer, now the need is to know the necessary treatments of brain cancer. Your treatment depends upon the type, grade, physiology, health and age of the cancer patient.
Surgery – It is usually the first treatment for brain cancer, when the signs and symptoms of the brain cancer show that the patient has a benign type of grade 1 cancer, and then surgery is suitable. And even it doesn’t treat the tumor completely it may at least alleviate the effect and make at ease.
Radiation treatment – Radiation is generally performed when surgery is not suitable, or when surgery is complete and it is just to burn up all the remaining cancer cells. Radiation therapy is performed on benign tumors specially.
Chemotherapy – This therapy is suitable for generally malignant tumors, in the grade 4 brain cancers. Chemotherapy includes life-saving, strong dose drugs, which is given through mouth usually.
Combined Therapy – the doctor may also recommend a combined therapy, if the condition is of extreme case or incurable by just one type of therapy.
Medication of brain cancer
While we were discussing about the treatments of brain cancer, it is also very important for every one of us to be aware about the medication used in the treatment of brain cancer. As soon as one diagnoses the symptoms of brain cancer, one should not delay the treatment of the same.
The best known example to us is the Talented Cricketer, Mr.Yuvraj Singh. He unfortunately suffered from brain tumor a few years back, he had certain unidentified symptoms of brain cancer happening repeatedly. His family consulted to the doctor and they started up the therapy, as early as it could have been possible and now he is back in his game.
The National Cancer Institute has approved certain drugs for the treatment of Brain Tumors. The list I am providing here has the generic names and brand names of the drugs.
- Afinitor (Everolimus)
- Afinitor Disperz (Everolimus)
- Avastin (Bevacizumab)
- Becenum (Carmustine)
- BiCNU (Carmustine)
- Gliadel (Carmustine implant)
- Gliadel wafer (Carmustine implant)
- Methazolastone (Temozolomide)
- Temodar (Temozolomide)
Drug combination used in Brain Tumors
Here I have presented you the medication only which is approved by the NCI. Rest there can be many sources of medications, I may have not mentioned, but you should use them under expert supervision.
The above I have provided you with the treatments and medications of brain cancer, which you should start under the consultation of a very expert specialist.
But, here the doctor will not take the signs as the symptoms of brain cancer only, because brain cancer is the rarest of all, it might be due to some other reason.
Go with the flow, the doctors is a specialist, and follow what he says.With this we take an end to the article.
Stay safe, stay healthy!