Weight loss surgery: A Bird’s Eye View
The concept of weight loss surgery has taken a hike in past few years in India. It is one of the best means to lose weight for obese nowadays.
People want to get a fat free life and for that, they try many techniques of weight loss. But most of the time the technique they choose fails and they do not lose weight.
As we say when all the doors are closed, there is always one door which is open. And in the case of losing weight when people don’t get results from exercises and diet, they go for weight loss surgery.
In today’s date, many people are opting for the weight loss surgery. There can be many reasons to choose surgery as weight loss treatment.
Obesity and the problems arising from it are the famous battle cry in today’s world. And anyhow the obese people want to lose weight.
And when all the other ways of weight loss fails, they are going for the any of the types of weight loss surgery which seems as the best option.
A menace called obesity and weight loss surgery
It is believed that in the next 25 years, obesity and related weight problems will be the biggest financial drain on the family as well as the country.
With the onset of obesity, there are many of the complementary problems which arise with it. The deadly diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and hypertension are going nowhere you are obese.
But that was not the end of the misery caused by obesity those were the few names in the list. Obesity refers to the spectrum of problems because of overweight.
And to cut short those problems, the obese people they try lots of things for proper weight loss treatment.
Opting for one of the types of weight loss surgery to remove the unwanted fat from the body is the last option adopted by obese people.
What is weight loss surgery?
Weight loss surgery is the variety of the procedures and methods performed on obese people for weight loss treatment.
There are many types weight loss surgery that is being done to reduce the total size of the stomach with gastric banding. Gastric banding is device implanted to reduce the size of the stomach.
The other way of treating weight loss is through the removal of a portion of the stomach or by resecting the small intestines to a small stomach pouch.
The studies and researches have shown that banking on these surgical procedures or any of the types of weight loss surgery causes long-term weight loss effect.
Not only it helps in losing weight but it also helps us to recover from diseases like diabetes. Weight loss treatment done through any of the types of weight loss surgery is really helpful and effective.
Having a weight loss surgery also helps you to reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. And it also helps in reducing the mortality rate by 23% to 40%.
How to know whether weight loss surgery is right for you?
If you think that any of the obese people can go for a weight loss surgery then you are wrong. As no can simply walk in and get the surgery done.
There are certain parameters that the doctor has to confirm first before going for the weight loss surgery.
A weight loss surgery for weight loss treatment is suggested to the individuals who are obese or morbidly obese.
And most of them have first tried their hands over other weight loss procedures and they failed miserably. And after that, it’s totally over the doctor’s wisdom to go for the surgery or not.
There are some of the pre-surgery works that have to be done prior to the weight loss surgery. If the patient is unwilling to follow the procedures then a doctor can withdraw himself from the surgery.
It’s not like that any Tom, Dick and Harry can come up and get a surgery done. First, you need to qualify for the bariatric surgery and for that you need to be morbidly obese.
This means that a man has to weigh more than 100 pounds and for a woman, she should weigh more than 80 pounds.
Along with the weight, their Body Mass Index should be more than 40. And there are much more things to consider before going for any of the types of weight loss surgery:
The considerations are as follow that are seen by a surgeon before the surgery:
For performing safest weight loss surgery the upper and the lower limit of age group has been kept 60 and 18.
Any people above the age of 60 and below the age of 18 are bared of having weight loss surgery for their own safety.
If your current weight is twice the weight of your ideal weight then you will be considered for having any of the types of weight loss surgery.
Commitment from your side:
If you are ready to pledge that you aren’t going to eat anything later that will again lead you to gain weight.
You need to commit yourself to perform exercises daily and change your previous lifestyle and dietary habits.
Before going for the many types of weight loss surgery they will inquire about the history of your efforts for trying to lose weight.
They will also see that the individual is at least obese from last 5 years.
They will also ask you the addictions you are having in terms of consumption of alcohol, smoking or any kind of drugs.
Top cities of India for safest weight loss surgery
Going for weight loss surgery needs lots of research for getting good hospital which does weight loss treatment through surgery.
The top hospitals in India perform all the different types of weight loss surgery. These weight loss surgeries are also not so expensive, so it does look at the pockets of individuals.
The cities like Delhi, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Mumbai, Nagpur, Gurgaon, Noida, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kerala are best in providing the safest weight loss surgery.
Along with the good hospitals for weight loss surgeries in India, we do have good sets of weight loss surgeons.
How it all started?
The concept of the weight loss surgery came from the operation of cancer or severe ulcer that compelled to remove a large portion of the stomach.
And because of that, the patients going through this operation lost huge weight and after that, in some cases, it was used to treat obesity.
The first operation on weight loss was done 40 years back. But the surgery raised another problem, it caused a huge loss of essential nutrients of the body.
Loss of nutrients had a huge negative effect on the body as it promoted malnutrition. And on today’s date, this bypass operation is no longer used.
Taking lessons from that surgeons uses ways to limit the holding capacity of the stomach. Basically now there are two types of weight loss surgery used:
In these types of weight loss surgery, the stomach is made smaller. This is also the safest weight loss surgery you will ever come across.
In this weight loss surgery, a stomach is removed or closed which restricts the amount of food stomach can hold.
Another safest weight loss surgery, as all the digestion and absorption takes place in the small intestine. Malabsorptive surgery shortens the length of the small intestine.
That’s limiting the amount of food that is completely digested absorbed.
Hence, with the onset of food intake restriction with the above-mentioned surgeries, you can lose weight easily.
As by restricting the entrance of food to stomach and intestine or even combination of both you can lose weight since less food goes to your stomach.
What’s the to-do list before performing weight loss surgery
Having any of the types of weight loss surgery can be a life-changing experience and that’s is why you should be always careful.
There are some of the steps that you need to take care of which are as follows:
- A full history of the patient, what was his diet plans and complete attempts of previous weight loss history.
- The history of medicine consumed in the attempts of weight loss is also seen.
- The medical records of any previous disease like cardiac arrest and coronary heart disease.
Things you need to inculcate in you after the weight loss surgery are as follows:
- Make a daily habit of drinking minimum 64 ounces of water daily.
- Do not consume beverages containing caffeine.
- Maintain a diet chart and the food you are included in it.
- Eat 3 meals a day and try not to take snacks in between.
- Try to involve yourself in daily physical activities.
- Stop smoking and alcohol consumption.
What are the types of weight loss surgery?
Here are some of the famous and the safest weight loss surgery what is mostly used for the weight loss treatment.
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding( Lap-Band):
This one of the safest weight loss surgery that you can have for weight loss. In this surgery, a band is placed around the upper stomach to create a small pouch and a narrow passage into the stomach.
That limits the food consumption and creates the feeling of fullness. The band is inflated with saline and it can be adjusted over time.
The amount of salt solution can be also increased and decreased depending on the amount of liquid required.
The band is for intensely obese people who are at least 100 pounds of weight or almost double the size of their ideal body weight.
The band is intended to remain in place permanently but it also can be removed if required afterward.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RGY):
Here in this surgery for weight loss, the surgeon makes the stomach smaller by the use of staples to create a small pouch.
RGB is the safest weight loss surgery that you will come across here in India. In compare of other types of weight loss surgery, this one is more effective and preferred.
Bypassing the stomach limits the amount of food an individual can eat. And if you bypass the intestine the number of calories and nutrients the body absorbs is reduced.
But there is a risk involved in it known as the “dumping syndrome”. This occurs when the content of stomach moves too quickly and rapidly through the small intestine.
The symptom of dumping syndrome includes nausea, weakness, sweating, faintness, and diarrhea after consuming the food.
Biliopancreatic Diversion (BPD):
Here in this weight loss surgery, a large part of the stomach is removed. Here also an amount of food is restricted to the stomach.
In this surgery, the small pouch that remains is connected directly to the final segment of the small intestine.
There is also a common channel in which pancreatic and bile juices are mixed before entering the colon.
Hence, the process of weight loss starts as the calories are routed to the colon where they are not absorbed.
This process is mostly used in comparison with other types of weight loss surgery. BPD is also the safest weight loss surgery available around.
There is also a variation of BPD which includes “Duodenal switch” that leaves a larger portion of stomach intact.
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty(VBG):
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty is also known as VBG. VBG is a restrictive surgery for weight loss.
The Vertical Banded Gastroplasty along with the Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass surgery is the two types of weight loss surgery that are used for operating severe obesity.
The main goal of VBG is to restrict the patient’s capacity to eat the excess of food. The surgeons make a small stomach pouch restricting a large amount of food intake.
But the stomach continues to digest nutrients and calories in a normal anatomical way. VBG has an advantage by limiting only the amount of meal consumed it doesn’t affect the absorption process.
Another restrictive procedure, sleeve gastrectomy is known to be the safest weight loss surgery among all other types of weight loss surgery.
Through this surgery, the stomach capacity is reduced and the patient feels full even after eating a small amount of food.
After this surgery, the size of the stomach is reduced to about 25% of its original size. A surgical removal of the large portion is done here following the major curve.
The open edges are later attached together via surgical staples to form a sleeve or tube like a shape of a banana.
This surgery permanently reduces the size of the stomach and this procedure is not reversible.
The surgeons generally use laparoscopic techniques; this technique involves the use of special instruments introduced through small incisions.
The length of the incisions that nowadays a surgeon makes is not more than 1cm. With the help of these incisions, a surgeon reaches to the stomach and divides it into two.
Out of those two, one of the sections is shaped like a tube that directly goes form esophagus to the intestine.
Whereas the other section is separated and removed.
What are the risks of weight loss surgery?
All the weight loss surgeries come with the possibility of some risk factors, but their incidence is very small.
The some of the risk includes the slippage of the band due to food intolerance of the stomach, vomiting after the surgery can make your pouch stretch.
And that can also cause straining after the surgery before the incision heals.
Cost of weight loss surgeries in India
The cost of weight loss surgeries in India is very much economic when compared to other countries.
|Laparoscopic Gastric banding||5,490||15,000||10,000||18,500|
List of hospitals in India where weight loss surgeries are done
- Sir Ganga Ram Hospital
- Evershine Hospital
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital
- Criticare Multispeciality Hospital & Research Centre
- Tirath Ram Shah Hospital
- Sir H. N. Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre
- Nazar Kanwar Surana Hospital
- Asian Hospitals
- Saifee Hospital
- Sanjay Gandhi Memorial Hospital
- Dr. Debkumar Ray – AMRI HOSPITAL SALTLAKE
- Apollo Spectra Hospitals
- Asian Bariatrics – Obesity Centre
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital & Medical Research Institute
- Medilink Hospital
- P.D. Hinduja Hospital
- Galaxy CARE Laparoscopy Institute
- Lilavati Hospital & Research Centre
- Hiranandani Hospital
- Jupiter Hospital
- Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital
- CODS Clinic
Hence, these were the some of the above hospitals were weight loss surgeries are done. But if you want to go for alternate methods of weight loss then you can also try to join some weight loss camps or go for Patanjali products for weight loss.
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