Pregnancy Test will assure you about whether you should have a baby shower!
What is the need of taking a pregnancy test? I feel you know your reason. That’s why you are here reading this article. We won’t let you down with the information we have. Read on for what you are looking for!
What is a pregnancy test? It is not some paper based examination. It is a test which signifies whether a woman is pregnant or not. This is taken as a signal of having a child in your womb soon.
Pregnancy tests are of various types. They vary from online to the machine tests. Have a look at them below.
ONLINE PREGNANCY TEST
No wonder how this is possible. At the first look, ladies might be curious that “there’s an online pregnancy test as well?” The questions may arise “how is it taken?” “Without even a blood or a urine sample, how is it possible?” “Will it be a true one?” “Will it actually tell us that we are pregnant?”…and so on. We have answers to your curiosity!
Online pregnancy tests are those simple tests which are available on the internet. Yes, they do not use any blood or urine sample. You can easily take a test at any time you wish. All they contain is a set of questions based on pregnancy symptoms and signs, and the relevant information.
The options are given to you, and you have to select the most apt one, which resembles your state or condition.
These pregnancy tests are not very much reliable. They are based on surveys and observed information all over the world. One key point in these tests is that your identity is kept anonymous. If you are confused about your pregnancy at the initial level, then you must go for these online tests.
Symptoms turn out to be visible at early stages only. So, get away with your confusion by taking an online pregnancy test.
However, you cannot completely rely on these. You have to consult your doctor or take some other pregnancy test.
FIRST RESPONSE PREGNANCY TEST
As you can infer by the name, the First Response Pregnancy Test is the test based on the very first response. The symptoms arise in the second week of conception. This is marked by the missed period. Often a missed period is taken as the first sign, but pregnancy can be detected even before that.
The First Response Pregnancy test can be taken 6 days sooner than your missed period. Wondering how this works?
Missed period is a result of increased levels of HCG and other hormones in the body. Missed period occurs at the peak levels of these hormones. It is to be noted that pregnancy can be detected by measuring the minute concentrations of HCG, even before the missed period.
About 99.99% accuracy is provided by this test. This test detects even the slightest HCG concentration, and gives the result on hand.
In many cases we observe the urgent need of detection of pregnancy; as a result this first response pregnancy test kit comes to the rescue. However, it is a bit costly. But, it is worth buying as well.
WHEN TO TAKE A PREGNANCY TEST?
Pregnancy tests are of various types. Depending upon the test you want to go for, you can take an early online or a first response test or a late medical report test. We would suggest, you should know early about your pregnancy.
The sooner you know, the sooner you will be able to take care of yourself and the baby inside you. After getting assured of your pregnancy, you need to see your doctor and get all the related information needed for the future use!
It is to be noted that pregnancy will only be observed when the fertilization has taken place. Hence, pregnancy tests are of no use when you haven’t even undergone the fusion of gametes. Are you aware of the fusion process?
PREGNANCY TEST CALCULATOR
Another of this modern technology amuses us. Just wonder if you tell your grandmother about it. She must be amazed to hear if such a thing exists. Well, this is a simple calculator available on the internet which tells you about the suitable time to take a pregnancy test.
Although it is a new invention, it is based on some basic concepts.
It tells you when to take your first pregnancy test, so that your efforts don’t go in vain. A test taken at the wrong time will give you a false negative result, which may be disappointing. To avoid this, you can certainly use this calculator.
Just feed in your day of the last period, your average cycle length and a few details about the ovulation cycle. All these inputs result into an output telling you the time for checking your pregnancy.
Want to test the efficiency? Go, take one.
CLEAR BLUE PREGNANCY TEST
It is another early test which gives the 99% efficiency in detection of pregnancy before the missed period. It is also a urine sample based test, which measures the HCG levels, even in small amounts. Due to this, it can detect a pregnancy even before a missed period.
The unique feature about this test is its unique progress indicator. It is equipped with a “Weeks Estimator”, an advanced technology, which estimates the weeks you have been pregnant for. This test gives the false result in very rare cases.
This is a home based test. It does not find any place in health clinics. You can buy an individual unit from the medical store and use it at home. Plus, it does not take help of the indicator lines to display the result. It directly shows the result in words. Isn’t it amazing?
BEST PREGNANCY TEST
With such a wide range of the pregnancy tests, how can you pick out the best one? There are various conditions which need to be fulfilled by a “best” pregnancy test.
- The accuracy in delivering the results.
Most of the tests turn out to be inefficient while delivering true results. The consequences are emotional stress and disappointment in people. How can a test be best if it is not accurate and precise?
- The proper use
Many people do not know the correct way of using the home-based pregnancy test kits. If not used properly, how can you expect the true results? Even a minor mishandling may result into the false display.
- Sensitivity to even the slight concentrations of HCG
A pregnancy test is based on hormonal changes basically. The best test is the one which measures the lowest amounts of HCG and other hormones at the earliest.
However, the pregnancy test kits are human made, and just like any transient invention, these devices are not perfect. They need not be necessarily the best or accurate at early detection as they reckon.
But, surveys and research have suggested the “First Response Pregnancy Test” as the best, if to be declared. This test detects the pregnancy at early stage and shows accuracy very well!
EARLY PREGNANCY TEST
An early pregnancy test is the one taken by the women in their initial days. This is done by measuring the levels of HCG in the urine. HCG has a crucial role in supporting implantation and in the development of the embryo. As a result, this hormone is increasingly found in the body of the pregnant women.
The early detection is aided with the presence of this hormone only. The sensitivity of the test kits to these levels matter a lot. This signifies the ability of the test to deliver true information and at the right time.
An early pregnancy test can be taken with the home-based pregnancy tests, which you can easily buy at your nearby medical stores. The early you detect, the more beneficial it is for your family!
HOW SOON CAN YOU TAKE A PREGNANCY TEST?
Let me take you into a little biology brief!
A woman ovulates every month, right? That’s why you have periods. Now, after an intercourse, you may have a missed period. Do you know the story behind it?
After the intercourse, the sperm travels through the uterus. The egg is in the fallopian tube at this moment. The sperm moves into the fallopian tube towards the egg. If it is successful in fertilizing the egg, conception takes place. Once the egg is fertilized, it takes a few days to get implanted into the uterus. Till then no symptoms could be seen. As soon as the implantation occurs, the signs and symptoms are clearly observed.
So, you can take a pregnancy test nearby the time of implantation. The test should be taken sooner, at the early stage only. This is because the pre-natal care is necessary for the fetal development and health of the baby. The earlier you know that you are pregnant, you will be able to make better health choices.
HOME PREGNANCY TEST
Home pregnancy tests are those which are comfortably taken at your own residence. They are basically the first detectors usually used. They are based on urine sample input, from which the HCG levels are measured. By now you must know when the body releases HCG. So, grab a test kit and use it.
There are some major points which need to be kept in mind while taking a home pregnancy test.
- Buy a suitable pregnancy test. Do not go with the local ones.
- Read the instructions properly. Each pregnancy test varies in their functioning. Some may require your urine sample in much amount, and some in drops. Some may indicate using lines, and some may directly display the words. So, READ CAREFULLY!
- Use it in a proper way. Most test kits are one-time use only.
- Give enough time to display the results. It may take about 2-5 minutes.
- Read the results with full consciousness and opened eyes. Do not misinterpret or misunderstand.
- One key point is its disposal as well.
HOME MADE PREGNANCY TEST
Just imagine, in old days, when there were no such indicators of pregnancy, how the women used to detect their pregnancy? It is good question, don’t you think so?
Anyway, I know I need to care about your concern right now. So, yes, here are a few home made preparations which can detect the pregnancy!
- Kanphul or Dandelion leaves
Take a few leaves of dandelion and place them in a container made of plastic. Keep these leaves away from the sunlight. This test may sound a bit gross, but since it is based on urine sample, you have to give it a try.
Drink lots of water till you get the urge to pee. Now, you have to pee over these leaves!
The red hurdles which may arise will indicate that you are pregnant.
- With the help of the Pine solution
We often use a cleansing reagent at our homes which carries the pine oil or the pine solution. You have to mix the pine oil and your fresh urine. Observe for a few minutes. If you notice some change in the colour, it is the signal of you being pregnant.
- Using Bleach
Mix the bleach and your fresh urine in a plastic container. If you observe some foaming, it is the positive result for your pregnancy.
- Toothpaste test
Mix some toothpaste with your urine. If it turns blue in colour, you are pregnant.
- Sugar test
This is the most accurate of all of the home made tests mentioned above.
Take a bowl and add a few full spoons of sugar. Now, urinate on it. If the sugar dissolves, then you are not pregnant. And, if it does not dissolve and clog together, you are pregnant!
FREE PREGNANCY TEST
Everything costs a little money somewhere. Pregnancy tests are often costly, whereas some may be affordable. Government and many NGOs have provided with the facilities to support maternal health and child birth. These aids have been constantly provided to the women from time to time. You need to ask for a free pregnancy test at your nearby clinics.
NEGATIVE PREGNANCY TEST AND POSITIVE PREGNANCY TEST
A test displays two results: positive and a negative. The positive pregnancy test says that you are pregnant, while a negative pregnancy test says you are not pregnant. Clear enough?
The outcome depends on the lines you find on the strips. A single line at Control level says you are not pregnant. If you see two lines, it says you are pregnant. Directions are given on the kit you buy. Read them carefully.
These results can in some cases be wrong as well. We have underlined some exceptions in the further headlines. A negative test can also be false due to early diagnosis, and a positive test can also be false. But don’t be overloaded with happiness so soon! Visit a doctor first, and get your pregnancy confirmed.
Therefore it is needed that you check twice or thrice to be confirmed.
PREGNANCY BLOOD TEST
This test is no different from the home pregnancy test. But, this uses the BLOOD SAMPLE, not the urine sample. The blood test also detects the presence of HCG. The analysis could be done in two parts: qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis.
Blood taken as sample, the qualitative analysis tells us that whether HCG is present or not. The quantitative analysis, on the other hand, provides us with the concentration of HCG. If it is below the considerable amount, it cannot be taken as being pregnant. But, if above the amount, then definitely you are pregnant.
Blood tests are often taken by the doctors and health clinics. They cannot be taken at home. This is the major reason why the home based pregnancy tests find huge popularity. At least they give privacy to the individual, which is not provided by the blood tests. Also, the blood tests are costlier than the home based ones. However, blood tests are the most reliable in case of accuracy, on which part the home based pregnancy tests lag!
PREGNANCY TEST STRIPS
The pregnancy test strips are the medium of qualitative analysis of HCG levels, which are usually found as a major component of pregnancy test kits. Apart from the kits, these strips are separately available. You may use these strips to detect your pregnancy. Dip a strip into the urine sample and take it out. Let it dry on a clean platform, which is non absorbent as well. You have to wait for a few minutes to see the result. The coloured bands appear.
Do not dip the strips beyond the mark specified. Also, you have to give a considerate time to get the results. Have patience.
Do you want to know how this strip is so magical that it tells about the HCG levels? Gain some extra knowledge and be a little scientific! The strip is made up of an immunoassay material. An immunoassay material is the one used to measure or identify the presence of selective proteins. These strips are coated with antibodies; hence react with the HCG molecules to give the coloured bands.
Now you see how you get those pink and blue lines at the strips?
HOW TO USE PREGNANCY TEST
There are a variety of pregnancy tests. The procedure depends upon the kit you buy. All the components come packed in one unit only. You do not need any pre-requisite or supporting material while taking a test.
Most common are the urine based pregnancy tests, which contain the pregnancy test strips wrapped in a plastic holder and a dropper.
The best results come out when you take the test in morning hours. The first urination of the day is the most concentrated form of urine, as at the rest of the day, you drink more water and make it dilute. Hence, HCG levels can be best detected at the morning time.
Collect the urine in a container, or the cup if given. Use dropper to put 3-4 drops on the sample point. Wait for a few minutes. Observe the lines which indicate your pregnancy.
However, the digital pregnancy tests have now been introduced which are more trusted by women. We have discussed about it more below.
MISSED PERIOD NEGATIVE PREGNANCY TEST
You have missed your period and you are confused of the cause. You take the pregnancy test and find it negative. Again confusion engulfs you. If this is the situation, then do not worry! Missed period can occur due to normal hormonal changes in your body or due to stress problems.
Get assurance by confirming your pregnancy by another test. If it also suggests the negative result, then you are definitely not pregnant. But, you should consult your doctor regarding your missed period problem.
If it shows the positive result, then your first test is supposed to be the incorrect one because may be you did not read the instructions carefully or the HCG levels might have been too low to get detected.
FALSE NEGATIVE PREGNANCY TEST
A negative test can turn out to be false if the test is taken too early or if the HCG levels are too low to get detected. It may also be the device’s fault as its sensitivity might have been low.
A false negative result can also be seen if the urine is too diluted. The concentrated urine, of the early morning, has high levels of HCG, which can easily be detected. But on dilution, it may produce a negative result which can be false.
It is also necessary for you to check the expiry date of the kit you buy and to read the instructions carefully.
PREGNANCY TEST RESULTS
To be honest, the pregnancy results are really a mess! A test result can be positive and negative, but it is not as easy as it seems to be. To identify the true result and a false result is a big challenge!
You may feel all the symptoms of pregnancy and still get a negative test. And, you may not even realize that you can be pregnant, you get a positive result. It is really astonishing to see the chaos in such a serious situation.
You need to first take a urine test, and then go for a blood test. Get confirmed, as your safety matters to us.
LATE PERIOD NEGATIVE PREGNANCY TEST
No menstrual cycle on your expected date? Do you think you might be pregnant? Take a pregnancy test and observe. The negative result may direct you to the conclusion that you may have late periods, not missed. This usually occurs with many of the women. Confusion and only confusion!
FAINT POSITIVE PREGNANCY TEST
Sometimes in the result, you may observe a faint second line. Do not get confused anymore. The faint line signifies low HCG level or the initial time of your pregnancy. In other words, it means that only a few days have passed of your pregnancy.
Please check the expiry date and the directions for use. Read the results carefully.
DIGITAL PREGNANCY TEST
With the advancing technology, new pregnancy tests called “digital pregnancy test” have been introduced. Over the time, these tests have acquired huge popularity among the women. This is because of its key features:
- The accuracy is best provided by these digital tests. Such accuracy is not given by any other manual pregnancy test kits.
- It has special sensors which directly tell whether you are pregnant or not.
- The “week estimator” notifies you about the week in which you are running!
- It is not time consuming, and very low chances of false results have been found.
- It works in dual manner. First, it detects the pregnancy hormone. And then, it says about the weeks.
- It can be taken 5 days before the missed period, and will still deliver true results, unlike the other non digital tests.
- It does not create confusion! This is the best part, I feel.
The only limitation is its high price, which makes its affordability a challenge. However, it is the most accurate pregnancy test and worth spending money on.
URINE PREGNANCY TEST
Majority of the tests are urine sample based and convenient. They can either be taken at home or at the health clinic by the doctor. The method of taking it specified above as well.
They can either be taken by collecting the urine in a cup or a dropper, or by catching the urine midstream.
HCG PREGNANCY TEST
All the pregnancy tests are based on the presence of HCG in your body. HCG is crucial for the fetal development and proper birth weight of the child. It is also necessary for the implantation. It is produced at the time of pregnancy only.
HCG can be found in body fluids, whether urine or blood. Now you get it why these two form the basis of every pregnancy test?
MOST ACCURATE PREGNANCY TEST
Majority of the tests fail to produce the most accurate results. As of now, the most accurate tests are the digital pregnancy tests. They rarely lag at their efficiency, and meet the consumer requirements.
PREGNANCY TEST COST
The cost of a pregnancy test can range from two digit figures to the five digit figures. Not everyone can afford the expensive ones, and the cheap ones do not promise efficient results. Hence the cost is the key determining factor.
It is to be noted that digital pregnancy tests are often costlier, which might affect your economy. In fact, if the test needs to be taken again, then you have to put another sum of money into it.
Blood tests are also costly than the home pregnancy test kits.
Various governmental and non-governmental organizations have provided a support to the pregnant women belonging from low economic households.
ONE STEP PREGNANCY TEST
This is another of the standard pregnancy test based on detection of HCG levels from urine sample. It also contains an absorbent strip which shows indicative lines on countering the HCG molecules.
This test, however, is not reliable for early detection as it may produce a negative result even if you are pregnant. This test cannot detect low levels of HCG. You have to wait for your missed period to take this test.
MOST SENSITIVE PREGNANCY TEST
Survey says the following are the most sensitive pregnancy tests:
- First Response Pregnancy Test
- Clear Blue Pregnancy Test
- New Choice Pregnancy Test
- Clinical Guard Pregnancy Test
OVULATION PREGNANCY TEST
This is another pregnancy test which revolves around the concept of ovulation. This test involves the detection of LH (luteinizing Hormone) which peaks before ovulation.
LH and HCG are similar in structure and can be misunderstood easily by the ovulation pregnancy detection kits. Initially, LH and HCG are the two glycoproteins. In other words, they are the sugar coated proteins. They are produced almost at the same time.
Ovulation pregnancy tests are not so accurate, and even produce false results many a times.
IVF PREGNANCY TEST
In vitro fertilization has made pregnancies possible for the women who cannot conceive. After the embryo has been transferred into the body, take a rest period of about 12 days. Now go for a blood pregnancy test. It is suggested not to go for the urine test in IVF pregnancy. The blood test will detect the presence of beta HCG hormone and tell you your pregnancy status.
Many a times women are concerned about the various types of pregnancy discharges which occurs at different stages of pregnancy. Generally, white discharge is the most common among all. So, you also need to get it checked to avoid its consequences. You may read here about the white discharge and its symptoms in detail.
PREGNANCY TEST KITS
Pregnancy test kits are available in the market easily, and you can purchase them without a second thought. Your privacy will remain conserved and you can take the test according to your own convenience.
You get all the required components in one pack only. No need to buy anything extra.
A strip along with a dropper or a cup is present in the pack. You may also find the pamphlet of instructions. Read the carefully and use the test kit accordingly. For any guidance, you can ask your mother or any person you feel comfortable with.
Either you are pregnant or if thinking of getting pregnant then you should definitely read our article on Pregnancy week by week which will enhance your knowledge about symptoms you experience from first to 36 week.
Have a safe pregnancy!